Quick Answer: What Was Australia Called Before It Was Called Australia?

What was Australia called before 1901?

Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia.

This process is known as federation..

Why did the British kill the Aboriginal?

The most common motive for a massacre was reprisal for the killing of settler civilians but at least 51 massacres were in reprisal for the killing or theft of livestock or property.

Was there slavery in Australia?

Slavery in Australia has existed in various forms from colonisation in 1788 to the present day. … Australia was held to the Slave Trade Act 1807 as well as the Slavery Abolition Act 1833, which abolished slavery in the British Empire.

Did the Chinese discover America first?

Last week came purported evidence that the Chinese admiral Zheng He sailed his great fleet of junks round the world a century before Columbus, Da Gama and Magellan. …

Who named Australia in 1813?

Matthew FlindersExtract from the introduction to Matthew Flinders’ journal A voyage to Terra Australis: Flinders discusses the naming of Australia, and his wish to use the term “Australia”.

Who found Australia first?

Willem JanszoonWhile Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.

Is Australia under British rule?

Yes, Australia is still legally under the British. Australia is a semi-independent state. Many Australians are either ignorant or in denial about this fact. … The British Government keeps a Governor-General with ‘Reserve Powers’ to oversee the Australian Parliament.

Why did China not discover Australia?

Merchants were not inclined to send expensive ships off on further exploratory voyages when there were vast profits to be made in lands already discovered. This was an age when spices were literally worth their weight in gold. Trade actually lead to the mapping of the western, southern and northern coasts of Australia.

Is Australia still a British colony?

The six colonies federated in 1901 and the Commonwealth of Australia was formed as a Dominion of the British Empire. … Until 1949, Britain and Australia shared a common nationality code. The final constitutional ties between the United Kingdom and Australia ended in 1986 with the passing of the Australia Act 1986.

How did humans reach Australia?

People appear to have arrived by sea during a period of glaciation, when New Guinea and Tasmania were joined to the continent of Australia. … The minimum widely accepted timeframe for the arrival of humans in Australia is placed at least 48,000 years ago. Many sites dating from this time period have been excavated.

What was the original name of Australia?

Terra AustralisAfter British colonisation, the name New Holland was retained for several decades and the south polar continent continued to be called Terra Australis, sometimes shortened to Australia.

What was Australia called before it was colonized by the British in 1788?

New South WalesHowever, Australia wasn’t really explored until 1770 when Captain James Cook explored the east coast and claimed it for Great Britain. He named it New South Wales. The first colony was established at Sydney by Captain Arthur Phillip on January 26, 1788. It was initially considered a penal colony.

Did Chinese discover Australia?

You see in the 1420s Australia’s west and east coasts were visited and charted by the Chinese. In fact in a great surge of navigation and discovery the Chinese mapped much of the world in the 1420s.

How many Aboriginal were killed in Australia?

After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000.

Who ruled Australia before 1901?

BritishBefore 1901, Australia was not a nation. At that time, the continent consisted of six British colonies which were partly self-governing, but subject to the law-making power of the British Parliament. Each colony had its own government and laws, including its own railway system, postage stamps and tariffs (taxes).