What Did The Temple Of Athena Look Like?

How old is the Temple of Athena Nike?

2,447c.

427 BC-425 BCTemple of Athena Nike/Age.

What was Athena’s temple called?

Temple of Athena NikeThe Temple of Athena Nike (Greek: Ναός Αθηνάς Νίκης, Naós Athinás Níkis) is a temple on the Acropolis of Athens, dedicated to the goddesses Athena and Nike. Built around 420 BC, the temple is the earliest fully Ionic temple on the Acropolis.

What did the Athena Parthenos look like?

The statue represented Athena standing majestic, fully armed and holding a 4 cubit tall statue of Nike in her right hand. … She held a large circular shield in her left hand which rests on the floor. She also has a spear on her left side, and a large coiled sacred snake resided between her feet and the shield.

Is Athena and Athena Nike the same?

As an attribute of both Athena, the goddess of wisdom, and the chief god, Zeus, Nike was represented in art as a small figure carried in the hand by those divinities. Athena Nike was always wingless. Nike alone was winged.

Why was the Athena Nike temple built?

It was built over the remains of an earlier sixth century temple to Athena, demolished by the Persians in 480 BC. The decision to build Athena Nike was an expression of Athens’ ambitions to defeat Sparta and become a world power. Constructed from white marble, it was built in stages as wartime funding allowed.

Who destroyed the old Temple of Athena?

Old Temple of AthenaOld temple of Athena Polias (Archaios Neos)Destroyed480 BC (Persian Wars)OwnerGreek governmentTechnical detailsSize21.3 m by 43.15 m10 more rows

Why was the old temple of Athena built?

The Temple of Athena Nike is the smallest structure on the Athenian Acropolis, but holds no less importance than its neighboring shrines. Built to honor Athena Nike, the goddess of victory, the site upon which the temple was constructed has ceremonial roots that date back to the Bronze Age.

What is Athena the goddess of?

Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva. She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors.

What replaced the old temple of Athena polias?

ErechtheusErechtheus was mentioned in Homer’s Iliad as a great king and ruler of Athens during the Archaic Period, and Erechtheus and the hero Erichthonius were often syncretized. It is believed to have been a replacement for the Peisistratid temple of Athena Polias destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC.

Is Athena still in the Parthenon?

Athena Parthenos (Ancient Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ Παρθένος) is a lost massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) sculpture of the Greek goddess Athena, made by Phidias and his assistants and housed in the Parthenon in Athens; this statue was designed as its focal point.

Is the Acropolis man made?

Located on a limestone hill high above Athens, Greece, the Acropolis has been inhabited since prehistoric times. … It has withstood bombardment, massive earthquakes and vandalism yet still stands as a reminder of the rich history of Greece.

Who sculpted the Athena Parthenos?

PhidiasStatue of Athena/ArtistsPhidias completed the Lemnian Athena between 451-448 BCE. The massive chryselephantine cult statue, Athena Parthenos, was made out of gold and ivory and measured 12 meters in height.

Who stole the statue of Athena?

The sculpture was hollow, formed of a wooden armature covered with removable plates – which proved fortuitous, Plutarch reports (Pericles 31.2-3), when Pheidias was later accused of embezzlement, but absolved of guilt when he was able to disassemble the individual gold plates and have them weighed.

Who made Nike adjusting her sandal?

Steven ZuckerSteven Zucker and Dr. Beth Harris, “Nike Adjusting Her Sandal, Temple of Athena Nike, Acropolis, Athens,” in Smarthistory, December 14, 2015, accessed January 8, 2021, https://smarthistory.org/nike-adjusting-her-sandal-temple-of-athena-nike-acropolis-athens/.

What materials made up the real statue of Athena Parthenos?

The colossal statue of the Athena Parthenos, which Phidias made for the Parthenon, was completed and dedicated in 438. The original work was made of gold and ivory and stood some 38 feet (12 metres) high. The goddess stood erect, wearing a tunic, aegis, and helmet and holding a Nike…